The Inside Scoop of Pattern and Texture

If you have watched only but one show on HGTV or other home décor shows, you probably have heard the terms pattern and texture. These terms are a staple in design.  They are two of the seven elements of interior design. Pattern and texture can emit a feeling or a mood for a room. They can draw your eyes into the room.  The correct use of pattern and texture can make or break your space.

What is Pattern?


Pattern is the visual element that repeats itself throughout a space.  It can include stripes, geometric designs and/or shapes. They can be found in floor coverings, window treatments or wall coverings. Pattern can create continuity between two or more spaces. 


In this space, you see how the use of geometric design is repeated between the diamonds on the wall and the rug and even on the gold pillow. There is continuity. 


Between these 2 spaces, there again is a slight repeat of design between the pillows and the wall art. 

A few tips in using pattern:

  • Use vertical lines to give more height to your space
  • Use of horizontal lines can add space and width-it is best for narrow rooms
  • Use non-geometrical shapes to help with irregularities found in uneven surfaces
  • If you have a small space, avoid using a large pattern



Although these spaces are neutral, you see the use of pattern is repeated between the living room and entry way. 




What is Texture?

Texture is how a surface feels: it can be smooth, rough or soft

Texture enhances the function, mood and appeal of your space.  For example, a rough texture tends to cause the space to feel more intimate. Texture can be visual or tactile as we can feel through seeing. It can create dimension in your space. 


In this room, it is pretty neutral except for green décor. However, it is the texture of the rug that makes this room pop. It is complemented by the basket and hanging lamp shades.


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What do you feel in looking at this room? How do you think the texture of the rug along with the wall surrounding the fireplace affects the mood? Soft? Warm and inviting?


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The color of the room definitely evicts emotion, but it is complemented by the geometric wallpaper design and the silver geometric wall design.

A few tips using texture:

  • Lighting can enhance or detract
  • Easiest to add texture through décor items such as pillows, throws or rugs
  • Layering of textures can enhance your look
  • Less is more; avoid too many textures of same type

You have seen a few pictures of rooms that exemplify how pattern and texture can really add to a room. Each design demonstrated different moods and emotions. It is through the use of pattern and texture that allows one to personalize their space. Have fun!